catchCurve {FSA}R Documentation

Mortality estimates from the descending limb of a catch curve.

Description

Fits a linear model to the user-defined descending limb of a catch curve. Method functions extract estimates of the instantaneous (Z) and total annual (A) mortality rates with associated standard errors and confidence intervals. A plot method highlights the descending limb, shows the linear model on the descending limb, and, optionally, prints the estimated Z and A.

Usage

catchCurve(x, ...)

## Default S3 method:
catchCurve(
  x,
  catch,
  ages2use = age,
  weighted = FALSE,
  negWeightReplace = 0,
  ...
)

## S3 method for class 'formula'
catchCurve(
  x,
  data,
  ages2use = age,
  weighted = FALSE,
  negWeightReplace = 0,
  ...
)

## S3 method for class 'catchCurve'
summary(object, parm = c("both", "all", "Z", "A", "lm"), ...)

## S3 method for class 'catchCurve'
coef(object, parm = c("all", "both", "Z", "A", "lm"), ...)

## S3 method for class 'catchCurve'
anova(object, ...)

## S3 method for class 'catchCurve'
confint(
  object,
  parm = c("all", "both", "Z", "A", "lm"),
  level = conf.level,
  conf.level = 0.95,
  ...
)

## S3 method for class 'catchCurve'
rSquared(object, digits = getOption("digits"), percent = FALSE, ...)

## S3 method for class 'catchCurve'
plot(
  x,
  pos.est = "topright",
  cex.est = 0.95,
  ylab = "log(Catch)",
  xlab = "Age",
  col.pt = "gray30",
  col.mdl = "black",
  lwd = 2,
  lty = 1,
  ...
)

Arguments

x

A numerical vector of assigned ages in the catch curve or a formula of the form catch~age when used in catchCurve. An object saved from catchCurve (i.e., of class catchCurve) when used in the methods.

...

Additional arguments for methods.

catch

A numerical vector of catches or CPUEs for the ages in the catch curve. Not used if x is a formula.

ages2use

A numerical vector of ages that define the descending limb of the catch curve.

weighted

A logical that indicates whether a weighted regression should be used. See details.

negWeightReplace

A single non-negative numeric that will replace negative weights (defaults to 0). Only used when weighted=TRUE. See details.

data

A data.frame from which the variables in the x formula can be found. Not used if x is not a formula.

object

An object saved from the catchCurve call (i.e., of class catchCurve).

parm

A numeric or string (of parameter names) vector that specifies which parameters are to be given confidence intervals. If parm="lm" then confidence intervals for the underlying linear model are returned.

level

Same as conf.level. Used for compatibility with the generic confint function.

conf.level

A number representing the level of confidence to use for constructing confidence intervals.

digits

The number of digits to round the rSquared result to.

percent

A logical that indicates if the rSquared result should be returned as a percentage (=TRUE) or as a proportion (=FALSE; default).

pos.est

A string to identify where to place the estimated mortality rates on the plot. Can be set to one of "bottomright", "bottom", "bottomleft", "left", "topleft", "top", "topright", "right" or "center" for positioning the estimated mortality rates on the plot. Typically "bottomleft" (DEFAULT) and "topright" will be “out-of-the-way” placements. Set pos.est to NULL to remove the estimated mortality rates from the plot.

cex.est

A single numeric character expansion value for the estimated mortality rates on the plot.

ylab

A label for the y-axis ("log(Catch)" is the default).

xlab

A label for the x-axis ("Age" is the default).

col.pt

A string that indicates the color of the plotted points.

col.mdl

A string that indicates the color of the fitted line.

lwd

A numeric that indicates the line width of the fitted line.

lty

A numeric that indicates the type of line used for the fitted line.

Details

The default is to use all ages in the age vector. This is appropriate only when the age and catch vectors contain only the ages and catches on the descending limb of the catch curve. Use ages2use to isolate only the catch and ages on the descending limb.

If weighted=TRUE then a weighted regression is used where the weights are the log(number) at each age predicted from the unweighted regression of log(number) on age (as proposed by Maceina and Bettoli (1998)). If a negative weight is computed it will be changed to the value in negWeightReplace and a warning will be issued.

Value

A list that contains the following items:

Testing

Tested the results of catch curve, both unweighted and weighted, against the results in Miranda and Bettoli (2007). Results for Z and the SE of Z matched perfectly. Tested the unweighted results against the results from agesurv in fishmethods using the rockbass data.frame in fishmethods. Results for Z and the SE of Z matched perfectly.

IFAR Chapter

11-Mortality.

Author(s)

Derek H. Ogle, derek@derekogle.com

References

Ogle, D.H. 2016. Introductory Fisheries Analyses with R. Chapman & Hall/CRC, Boca Raton, FL.

Maceina, M.J., and P.W. Bettoli. 1998. Variation in Largemouth Bass recruitment in four mainstream impoundments on the Tennessee River. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 18:998-1003.

Ricker, W.E. 1975. Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Technical Report Bulletin 191, Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada. [Was (is?) from http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/1485.pdf.]

See Also

See agesurv in fishmethods for similar functionality. See chapmanRobson and agesurvcl in fishmethods for alternative methods to estimate mortality rates. See metaM for empirical methods to estimate natural mortality.

Examples

plot(catch~age,data=BrookTroutTH,pch=19)

## demonstration of formula notation
cc1 <- catchCurve(catch~age,data=BrookTroutTH,ages2use=2:6)
summary(cc1)
cbind(Est=coef(cc1),confint(cc1))
rSquared(cc1)
plot(cc1)
summary(cc1,parm="Z")
cbind(Est=coef(cc1,parm="Z"),confint(cc1,parm="Z"))

## demonstration of excluding ages2use
cc2 <- catchCurve(catch~age,data=BrookTroutTH,ages2use=-c(0,1))
summary(cc2)
plot(cc2)

## demonstration of using weights
cc3 <- catchCurve(catch~age,data=BrookTroutTH,ages2use=2:6,weighted=TRUE)
summary(cc3)
plot(cc3)

## demonstration of returning the linear model results
summary(cc3,parm="lm")
cbind(Est=coef(cc3,parm="lm"),confint(cc3,parm="lm"))

## demonstration of ability to work with missing age classes
df <- data.frame(age=c(  2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9,12),
                 ct= c(100,92,83,71,56,35, 1))
cc4 <- catchCurve(ct~age,data=df,ages2use=4:12)
summary(cc4)
plot(cc4)

## demonstration of ability to work with missing age classes
## evein if catches are recorded as NAs
df <- data.frame(age=c(  2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,10,11,12),
                 ct= c(100,92,83,71,NA,56,NA,35,NA,NA, 1))
cc5 <- catchCurve(ct~age,data=df,ages2use=4:12)
summary(cc5)
plot(cc5)


[Package FSA version 0.8.26.9000 Index]