extraTests {FSA}R Documentation

Likelihood ratio and extra sum-of-squares tests.

Description

Likelihood ratio and extra sum-of-squares tests with multiple lm or nls models nested within one common model. This function is most useful when the nested functions are all at the same level; otherwise use anova() or lrtest() which are more flexible.

Usage

lrt(sim, ..., com, sim.names = sim.name, sim.name = NULL,
  com.name = NULL)

extraSS(sim, ..., com, sim.names = sim.name, sim.name = NULL,
  com.name = NULL)

## S3 method for class 'extraTest'
print(x, ...)

Arguments

sim

The results of one lm or nls model, for example, that is a nested subset of the model in com=.

...

More model results that are nested subsets of the model in com=.

com

The results of one lm or nls model, for example, that the models in sim= and ... are a subset of.

sim.name, sim.names

A string vector of “names” for simple model in sim= and .... sim.names is preferred but sim.name is allowed to allow for a common typing mistake.

com.name

A single “name” string for the complex model in com=.

x

An object from lrt() or extraSS().

Details

anova and lrtest (from lmtest) provide simple methods for conducting extra sum-of-squares or likelihood ratio tests when one model is nested within another model or when there are several layers of simple models all sequentially nested within each other. However, to compare several models that are nested at the same level with one common more complex model, then anova() and lrtest() must be repeated for each comparison. This repetition can be eliminated with lapply() but then the output is voluminous. This function is designed to remove the repetitiveness and to provide output that is compact and easy to read.

Value

The main function returns a matrix with as many rows as model comparisons and columns of the following types:

Note

This function is experimental at this point. It seems to work fine for lm and nls models. An error will be thrown by extraSS for other model classes, but lrt will not (but it has not been thoroughly tests for other models).

Author(s)

Derek H. Ogle, derek@derekogle.com

Examples

## Example data
df <- data.frame(x=c(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10),
                 y=c(4,6,5,7,9,8,7,12,16,22),
                 z=as.factor(rep(c("A","B"),each=5)),
                 w=as.factor(rep(c("A","B"),times=5)))
df$x2 <- df$x^2

## Linear (lm()) models
#  ... regression
fit.0 <- lm(y~1,data=df)
fit.1 <- lm(y~x,data=df)
fit.2 <- lm(y~x2+x,data=df)
extraSS(fit.0,fit.1,com=fit.2)
lrt(fit.0,fit.1,com=fit.2)

# ... show labels for models
extraSS(fit.0,fit.1,com=fit.2,
    sim.names=c("Null Model","Linear"),com.name="Quadratic")
lrt(fit.0,fit.1,com=fit.2,
    sim.names=c("Null Model","Linear"),com.name="Quadratic")

#  ... dummy variable regression
fit.2b <- lm(y~x*z,data=df)
extraSS(fit.0,fit.1,com=fit.2b)
lrt(fit.0,fit.1,com=fit.2b)

#  ... ANOVAs
fit.1 <- lm(y~w,data=df)
fit.2 <- lm(y~w*z,data=df)
extraSS(fit.0,fit.1,com=fit.2)
lrt(fit.0,fit.1,com=fit.2)


## Non-linear (nls()) models
fit.0 = nls(y~c,data=df,start=list(c=10))
fit.1 = nls(y~a*x+c,data=df,start=list(a=1,c=1))
fit.2 = nls(y~b*x2+a*x+c,data=df,start=list(a=-1,b=0.3,c=10))
extraSS(fit.0,fit.1,com=fit.2)
lrt(fit.0,fit.1,com=fit.2)

## General least-squares (gls()) models
## Not run: 
  require(nlme)
  fit.0 <- gls(y~1,data=df,method="ML")
  fit.1 <- gls(y~x,data=df,method="ML")
  fit.2 <- gls(y~x2+x,data=df,method="ML")
  lrt(fit.0,fit.1, com=fit.2)
  ## will return an error ... does not work with gls() models
  # extraSS(fit.0,fit.1, com=fit.2)

## End(Not run)


[Package FSA version 0.8.25.9000 Index]